When Are It Okay to Correct Someone’s Grammar?

According to an advice columnist, an etiquette expert and a linguist.

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One of my least attractive character traits is a penchant for correcting people’s grammar. It’s never well-received, likely because correcting grammar is rarely about grammar and usually about demonstrating intellectual or cultural superiority. At least that’s how it’s perceived.

“Mind your subjunctive,” I once teased a date.

I never heard from him again.

I take after my mother, a bona fide grammar nerd who raised me to be precise with my words. Even the question “How are you?” has always given me pause. “I’m well?” I’ll think. (Nope — when used as an adjective, “well” means “in good health.”) “I’m good?” (Nope — “good” means “having moral excellence.”) “I’m doing good?” (Nope — “good” is an adjective, not an adverb, you idiot.)

“I’m doing well!”

Bingo, though no one believes me after 15 seconds of awkward silence.

It’s exhausting — and might seem to place me on the spectrum — but it does explain why I’ll reflexively redress you when you use “disinterested” (impartial) when you mean “uninterested” (bored), or “further” (metaphorical distance) when you mean “farther” (physical distance.)

I was curious, though — what’s the etiquette here? Is correcting someone’s grammar always a jerk move? Or are there occasions when you’re doing someone a solid by suggesting — in, say, a Facebook comment — that they lose the apostrophe in “it’s”?

For answers, I turned to Tracey Sturgal, a professor in communication studies at Marquette University; Tracy Moore, a MEL staff writer and resident advice columnist; and Daniel Post Senning, the current torchbearer of the first family of etiquette.

Is it ever okay to police someone’s grammar?
Post Senning: I approach this like the broccoli-on-the-tooth rule: If you’re going to help someone avoid some embarrassment, go ahead. If you notice I’m saying “Versayse” all the time, find a quiet moment to explain to me that it’s pronounced Ver-SA-chie. That said, you rarely have standing to correct someone else, so proceed with caution.

Moore: I think friends and trusted colleagues ought to be able to pull someone aside and correct grammar if it’s obviously a result of ignorance or something you know would embarrass them.

Sturgal: Outside of a classroom setting, one would need to mainly consider one’s relationship with the speaker and the purpose of the correction. We also must consider the intentionality of the communication: What’s the intended meaning of the speakers (on both sides), and what’s the actual meaning received?

What if you’re going to help save them further embarrassment or future awkwardness by pointing something out?
Post Senning: If you think someone will appreciate it, then by all means do it.

Sturgal: How do you know if the person doesn’t know the proper grammar or made a mental error? The immediate assumption when a speaker makes a grammatical error isn’t a fair starting point. There might not be future awkwardness if it was a one-off. No one speaks perfect English all the time, even people who claim they do. That isn’t the way language works.

Moore: This is precisely why it must be done. Who among us hasn’t learned how to pronounce something the right way because we were corrected? This is literally how people learn.

If you do choose to correct someone’s grammar, how should you do it?
Post Senning: Do it in private — as discreetly as possible — and by showing some respect for their intelligence and good will. For example, “I always heard that it was pronounced like this…,” where you’re not being critical but instead raising it as something you noticed.

Sturgal: I opt for positivity and assuming it was a fatigue error. This helps save face for the person who misspoke (or doesn’t know the “rule”). If I feel compelled to say something, I might start with: [friendly, nonjudgmental smile] “You meant to say affect, right?” If the intent is truly about educating someone on the proper usage, it shouldn’t come with a dose of smugness.

Moore: The key is to never do it in front of anyone, but to pull them aside privately and let them know you’re just mentioning it because you thought it might be of use to them.

How about on a comment stream on Facebook?
Post Senning: I think it’s easier to handle subtleties in communication in person than it is with the written word, or online. For example, I’d advise against suggesting that someone use that new Grammarly app before posting next time.

Sturgal: Policing grammar on Facebook is a waste of time and energy. Sure, in a political debate, it can be satisfying to correct someone, thus giving oneself a false sense of superiority. But it’s not worth the hassle, and it likely isn’t helping advance the original point of the comment stream. If you care, keep using proper grammar in your threads as the model you want to put out in the world. You don’t know what education struggles a commenter has been through. Don’t assume it’s ignorance or laziness.

Moore: Totally pointless. Correcting a mistaken fact is one thing; everyone ought to accept that on social media and texting, we’re more careless and the message trumps the medium.

Is it ever appropriate to correct someone’s grammar in a business context?
Post Senning: Again, there is the question of how. Oftentimes, people are going to appreciate it if you do it well. If you’re not being critical or judgmental. If you approach it with a spirit of being helpful, then yeah. But it can be hurtful and condescending if you come across as critical or judgmental.

Sturgal: Timing is everything. I might include the language in my response with the proper grammar, hoping the person catches my correction and follows suit. I might pull them aside if I feel it’s necessary for their future interactions with others at the function, and if I’m the best person to do so.

Moore: I’d only do it if it were an equal or colleague, and likely not a higher-up, just because the power dynamics would be too fraught. But otherwise, I think in any situation with someone you trust and know, you can tell them they’ve gotten it wrong.

Is policing someone’s grammar always about displaying some kind of intellectual superiority?
Post Senning: Absolutely. It’s more about you than it is about them.

Sturgal: Yes. People usually don’t consider the educational backgrounds and lack of opportunities others have struggled with. Remember that the history of grammar usage is based on people in power. There’s no inherent reason why some grammar rules exist. So the importance of being grammatically correct is based in social judgments. As society evolves, so to will the social judgments. Some based on who is in power, some based on generational changes. We don’t follow all of the grammar rules of the first generations of English speakers, and those changes will continue to evolve over time. It’s not a bad thing. Languages evolve, or they die.

Moore: I think it can be for certain people — grammar snobs need a new hobby — but it can also be seen as wanting everyone to have the opportunity to put the goods in the best possible light. In a work meeting, you want everyone to appear polished and sharp. In a social situation, we can all rely on a certain group pressure to elevate ourselves. I’ve met lots of smart, well-educated people who get words wrong. I do the same. I think the most important thing here is having a good, humble attitude about not knowing what you don’t know, and having the curiosity and humility to be willing to learn. I want to be corrected; I want to get it “right” — whatever that means. I think that’s how most of us ought to be. How else do we learn? But that said, no, I’m not going to correct a stranger who says “I seen that.” It’s pointless unless we have a relationship where it’s clear that no one is pulling rank or trying in any way to embarrass someone; we all just have each other’s back.